Orthopaedic footwear is specially made to provide extra support for children’s or young adults feet that suffer from weakness and/or instability around the feet and ankles, have lower limb ligament problems, or those with deterioration of the ankle joint or partial paralysis of the ankle region. Painful and pressure sensitive feet may also benefit from Stability orthopaedic footwear.
Several biomechanical problems can affect the feet, such as ‘flat feet’, a common term which is used to describe feet which have poor development of the longitudinal arch, or ‘in-toeing’, where the feet are turned further inwards than is expected. Usually pain, or sometimes a general lack of stability in standing and walking, are the indicators of a true biomechanical problem.
A Valgus position or deformity refers to a change in the alignment of the feet; feet are pronated or appear to ‘roll in’ with increase contact along the inside (medial) border of the feet and the appearance of a lowered or fallen arch.
A Varus position or deformity also refers to a change in the alignment of the feet: the feet are supinated or appear to ‘roll outwards’ with increase contact along the outside (lateral) border of the feet and the appearance of a particularly high arch.
Both of these positional changes can impair foot function and may result in abnormal biomechanical alignment of the lower limbs. This change in alignment can sometimes affect the function of the ankles, knees, hips or back.
Orthopaedic footwear can be used to:
Restrictive footwear can lead to foot deformities, such as hammer toes, corns and bunions so it’s very important to wear shoes with wide toe boxes that allow the toes to spread and align with the rest of the foot in a natural way. However every foot develops differently.